Introduction: The 1841 Livorno census
In 1841 a population census was carried out throughout the Grand Duchy of Tuscany to provide
the state with a more accurate statistical documentation for military and taxation usage. The
census was inspired and modeled on an earlier census ordered by Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo in
The execution of the census was delegated to the various parishes. Because of the
large numbers of Jews living in Livorno, Pisa, Siena, Florence and Pitigliano a special census
of Jews in those 5 cities was carried out of the "universita isrselitiche" of these cities.
This Jewish census included the address of residence so as to avoid duplication with the
parish censuses and the 11 columns of the standard census was thus slightly modified as
- Col 1: was divided into 3 parts: house, families, persons
- Col 2: First Name (head of family listed first)
- Col 3: Surname
- Col 4: Age
- Col 5: Domestic situation (single, married, or widowed)
- Col 6: Residence (originally the column was for religion if other than Catholic, but this was a census reserved for Jews)
- Col 7: Nation or state of the foreigner at birth
- Col 8: Individual's primary profession or state
- Col 9: Indigent or individuals in total poverty
- Col 10: literate (ability to read)
- Col 11: physical deformity or disability (through observation)
The census revealed 4,771 Jews in Livorno of which 2327 were male and 2444 female. There were 1178 families living in 264 houses.
78.4% of Jews living in Livorno were born in Livorno.
39.1% (1864 individuals) had no profession and these consisted of 1358 children, 219 adults, and 23 disabled persons.
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